Palestine, as it stands today, consists of two physically separated land masses, namely the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and Gaza Strip with a total area of 5661 km2 and 362 km2, respectively. Although small in size, its unique location at the crossroads of three continents has made Palestine an environmental melting pot for the flora and fauna of Africa, Asia and Europe. This natural diversity has become an innocent bystander to the destructive practices of the Israeli occupation. This paper examines the Israeli practices that violate the environmental rights of the Palestinians. Sustainable peace is only possible through just and equitable resource use between Israelis and Palestinians.